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How To Search Effectively For A Job Using Boolean Basics

@raniakudsi
 

 

Boolean logic is a system of showing relationships between sets by using the words "AND," "OR," and "NOT." (The term Boolean comes from the name of the man who invented this system, George Boole.) Boolean logic is recognized by many electronic searching tools as a way of defining a search string.

Boolean Operators

  • AND

Results must include all words before and after the AND

Examples:

Java AND HTML

Java AND HTML AND London

  • OR

Results must include either word from each side of the OR

Examples:

Java OR HTML

Bristol OR Bath OR "South Wales"

  • NOT

Results must not include words that follow the NOT

Examples:

Manager NOT Sales

"South East" NOT London

  • NEAR

The "near" operator indicates that the search words you have entered must appear within a certain number of words of each other (usually between one and 20).

For example, a search for "sales near management" would turn up results in which the two words appear close together.

  • Wildcard Symbol: *

The asterisk can replace one or more letters at the end of a word. This might help you search for something that can be phrased differently.

For example, "nurs*" will find documents containing the words nurse, nursing and nurses.

  • Quotation Marks “     ”

Use quotation marks when you want to capture a phrase in the precise word-order it is used.        

For example:

    Java  Developer would give results that contain ‘Java‘ and ‘developer‘, but not necessarily in the same sentence or paragraph;

Java  Developer would give results that only contain the phrase “Java  Developer

  • Parenthesis (   )                                                                  

Use Brackets to group words, which helps you get more results that are still relevant.

*        Information within Brackets is read first, then information outside parentheses is read next.

Example: Using (Human Resources OR Recruitment) AND Training will search for Human Resources or Recruitment as well as Training however Human Resources or Recruitment results will come first

-          Software AND (Engineer OR Architect)

This will find both software engineers and software architects.

-          (Instructional Designer OR Instructional Design) e-learning

This will find instructional designer e-learning or instructional design e-learning

  • A variety of different Boolean terms can be included within the same search string; however you may need to include brackets to change the order of precedence:

Examples:

(Java OR HTML) AND London
(Java AND HTML) AND (London OR Surrey)
Java AND (Developer OR Engineer)

  • SITE

Tells Google to search for keywords within a particular site ex. site:www.linkedin.com java jobs  Toronto

Math Searching

Improve the effectiveness of your searches by using one or more of the following three Math symbols:

  • + The following word is a must-have

Example:

+Java +HTML (must have Java, must have HTML)

  • . The following word is preferred

Example:

+London .Travel (must have London, preferably with Travel)

  • - The following word must be excluded

Example:

+Manager -Sales (must have Manager, without Sales)

 

Difference between No quotation marks, Double quotation marks ("") and Brackets {}

 

No quotation marks

To find documents that contain all of your search terms somewhere in the document, but not necessarily next to each other, enter your terms without quotation marks. AND will be automatically inserted between the terms.

Example  

If you enter Human Resources, your search is for Human AND Resources.

Double quotation marks ("")

To find documents where your search terms appear next to each other, enclose your phrase in double quotes. When you use double quotes:

  • AND is not automatically inserted between terms.

Example

Entering "Human Resources” finds different results than Human Resources because the latter is searched as Human AND resources. Human AND resources finds documents that contain both words, even if they are far apart from each other. " Human Resources " only finds documents where " Human " and " Resources " are next to each other.

  • Punctuation is ignored.

Example

Entering "human resources "or "human-Resources" finds the same results, because the "-" is ignored.

  • Wildcards are searched as wildcards and stopwords are searched as entered.

Example

Searching for "criminal* insan*" finds "criminally insane" and "criminal insanity".

  • Plurals are included.

Example

Searching for "developers" finds "developer” and "developers".

  • Lemmatization, grouping together different forms of a word, is included.

Example

Searching for "color" also finds "colour" and the plurals "colours" and "colors".

Brackets {}

To find documents that contain your exact phrase, including punctuation, enclose your phrase in brackets. When you use brackets:

  • Stop words, punctuation, and special characters are searched exactly as entered.

Example

Searching for {human-Resources} or {human resources} finds different results because the "-" is considered in the search when it's inside brackets.

  • Wildcards are still searched as wildcards.

Example

Searching for {health care?} finds results such as: "health care — ".

  • Lemmatization, grouping together different forms of a word, is still recognized.

Example

Searching for {color} also finds "colour" and the plurals "colours" and "colors".

 

 

3 Steps to finding a job with Boolean logic

Now that you know the basics, follow these 3 steps to use Boolean logic to search for a job.

1) Write down the names of Job Titles and/or Companies that you would like to search for and your preferred locations for the position.

Example: (“Business Analyst” OR “Senior Business Analyst” OR “Business Systems Analyst” OR “Sr. Business Analyst”) AND (IBM OR Microsoft OR CGI OR Deloitte) AND (Toronto OR Markham OR “Richmond Hill” OR Vaughan)

2) Think of some websites that you would like to target, where jobs may be posted.

Example: (site:indeed.com OR site:monster.com OR site:careerbuilder.com OR site:ibm.com OR site:linkedin.com)

3) Open your Google Search Engine and type in the your search string. Hit search and voila results!

Example: (site:indeed.com OR site:monster.com OR site:careerbuilder.com OR site:ibm.com OR site:linkedin.com) (“Business Analyst” OR “Senior Business Analyst” OR “Business Systems Analyst” OR “Sr. Business Analyst”) AND (IBM OR Microsoft OR CGI OR Deloitte) AND (Toronto OR Markham OR “Richmond Hill” OR Vaughan)

 

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22 Things You Can Leave Off Your Resume

 
 

When I look back at the first couple resumes I sent, I immediately start cringing.

My first attempts at my resume were filled with flaws that I’m sure you can relate to. Not only were they way too long—the fact that I had page numbers should have been a red flag—but I also used teeny tiny font to make it seem shorter…and it wasn’t fooling anyone.

Now I know that my resume was so long because I left in piles of unnecessary additions that took up space and didn’t tell potential employers anything about the job I could do for them. Instead of focusing my resume on the job I wanted, I tried to do the impossible and paint a complete picture of myself in a single document.

Unsurprisingly, I got many rejection letters in the beginning of my career.

Whether you’re starting a brand new career like I was or you’re getting back on the job market, your resume can make or break your job search.

The big question, though, is what exactly you should do to turn your resume from an autobiography that no one finishes to a lean, efficient 1-pager that lands you interviews right and left.

More from Skillcrush: The Ultimate Guide to the Perfect Resume

But you don’t have to perform a complete 4-hour overhaul to turn your resume into hiring manager bait. Over time, I’ve found that getting your resume in tip-top shape doesn’t take as much effort as you’d think; it’s about knowing what to take out more than what to add.

Not sure what needs deleting? There’s good news: You can improve your resume 1000% just by removing these 22 small things:

1. Anything That Doesn’t Directly Relate to the Job You’re Applying for
When you’re updating your resume for a particular job listing, pay attention to what the responsibilities and necessary requirements are. If each bullet point on your resume can’t directly relate to something from that job posting, it’s best to leave it out.

And yep, this means you can’t just rely on one single go-to resume if you’re serious about getting hired fast. If you think about it, the single most important thing your resume should convey is that you are perfect for the job at hand. And one resume can’t make you perfect for every job on your wishlist!

More from Skillcrush: How to Write the Perfect Developer Resume

2. Jobs From More Than 5-10 Years Prior
Take out your random assortment of campus jobs from your college years or those couple of temp jobs you worked during your first year or two out of school. Chances are they have nothing to do with what you’re applying for.

And in case you held one single job for 5–10 years, a good rule of thumb is to limit yourself to including 4 previous work experiences.

3. Irrelevant Accomplishments or Awards
There’s no need to include that you won your county’s hoola hoop competition in the third grade, or that you were on the Dean’s List in college…unless those awards make you more qualified for the job at hand!

4. An Objective Line or Statement
Writing an objective statement at the top of your resume only swallows up precious resume space! Besides, you can write about yourself in your cover letter and/or application email.

5. Skills That Are a Given or Outdated
We’re over a decade and a half into the 21st century. You’re expected to know how to use Microsoft Word (and pretty much all of Microsoft Office), so there’s no point in writing it in your “skills” section.

Instead, if you’re applying to jobs in tech, focus on computer languages, programs, and apps you know that can truly set you apart in an applicant pool.

6. Images or Visuals
Unless you’re a designer doing a creative resume, steer clear of including photos, clipart, or graphs. They clutter up your resume, take up valuable space, and make it difficult to print out your resume (in the unlikely event that happens!)

Instead, spice up your resume by designing a clean logo and incorporating a muted color in headers on your resume.

7. Cliché or Vague Phrases
Calling yourself “results-driven” or a “team player” really doesn’t tell a potential employer much at this point. Save yourself the space and use specific examples to prove that you are these things.

For example, share information about a team you led and what you accomplished!

8. “References Upon Request”
There’s no need to add anything at the end of the resume that explains how references are available upon request. To a hiring manager, this is a given. And hey, deleting this line means more space for you!

9. Full Paragraphs
Steer clear of full paragraphs in your resume. Each previous role you list should have three or four bullet points (five or six tops if they’re super short!) explaining your position, your responsibilities, and your impact.

If there’s something you think is crucial for a potential employer to know, save that explanation for your cover letter!

10. Exaggerated Statements (or Straight-Up Lies!)
Keep in mind that hiring managers check up with your past employers and do their own research, so even if you think a small exaggeration will go unnoticed, trust me when I say it won’t.

For example, in the world of tech, never over-exaggerate how well you know a particular programming language. Saying you’re proficient in iOS development when you’ve dabbled in programming a single app won’t go over well. Hiring managers figure it out eventually, and it’ll only lead to embarrassment on your end.

11. Controversial or Bizarre Interests and Hobbies
Politics is a common problematic topic that comes to mind, but I would also refrain from mentioning in your resume that you can shotgun a beer in under 30 seconds. Unless you are certain that your politics line up with the company’s values, it’s best to steer clear.

12. Inappropriate Email Addresses
This sounds so obvious, but just last month a friend who was hiring received a resume with an email address that was something like This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Not kidding. Get a Gmail account and make it your first and last name.

13. Personal Social Media Accounts
Keep it professional! Even if you have the world’s cleanest social media presence, there’s no reason to give a potential employer any reason to start digging into your personal life. Including a LinkedIn profile makes sense in many cases, but there’s no need to add your Facebook account, YouTube channel, and Periscope handle.

14. Extra Pages
Resumes should be no more than one page max! This forces you to remove anything unnecessary and to be as straightforward and succinct as possible.

Worried you don’t have enough space to add something important? Keep in mind that if an employer really wants to know more, they can see it on your LinkedIn page, or you can mention that extra factoid in your cover letter or an interview round.

15. Anything That Resembles a Cover Letter
There’s a reason why resumes and cover letters are two separate parts of a job application: Resumes are meant to be an easy way to see someone’s work history and qualifications, while cover letters allow you to show your personality and address things that someone wouldn’t know from looking at your resume.

16. Broken Links
If you’re linking to a portfolio or website (and you absolutely should), it’s especially important to make sure that all of your links work and that you typed them out correctly on your resume.

17. Kooky Fonts, Colors or Clipart
No, your resume should not mimic the pink and scented one that Legally Blonde’s Elle Woods handed in at Harvard Law School. (I know, it’s a bummer.)

Also, no Comic Sans, please! Arial, Times New Roman, and similar legible and professional fonts are the way to go. And don’t make your text size any smaller than a 10-point font at the very most.

18. Anything School-Related
Unless you’re a year or two out, take out mentions of your college GPA, graduation year, or that random fiction writing prize you won during your freshman year. They can make you seem more junior than you are, and besides, most of those accomplishments won’t affect your job performance.

19. Big Words or Industry Jargon
Princeton University study found that people who used huge words in their writing were thought to be overcompensating and therefore untrustworthy by colleagues. A resume should be straightforward, so be as simple as possible with language.

Additionally, steer clear of industry jargon unless it’s absolutely necessary. A hiring manager might not know as much as you, or on the flip side, they might know way more than you and may catch you misusing industry words!

20. Acronyms
The tech industry in particular seems to have acronyms for everything, but when it comes to a resume, steer clear of shortening any words or phrases to avoid confusion or misunderstanding about your skills and background.

21. A Bio
Scrap the bio from your resume and make sure the one on your LinkedIn page is top-notch instead!

22. Typos
This sounds like a given but it happens all the time! Two important pro tips: First, read your resume out loud; it’ll help you see more typos. Second, read it backwards starting with your last sentence and working your way up the page. You’d be surprised how many grammatical and usage errors I’ve found doing this.

Got through this list of 22 things to remove from your resume? You’re well on your way to impressing a hiring manager and landing that job!

More from Skillcrush: The Ultimate Guide to the Perfect Resume

Lily is a writer, editor, and social media manager, as well as co-founder of The Prospect, the world’s largest student-run college access organization. She also serves in editorial capacities at The Muse, HelloFlo, and Her Campus. Recently, she was named one of Glamour’s Top 10 College Women for her work helping underserved youth get into college. You can follow Lily on Twitter at @lkherman. This article originally appeared on Skillcrush

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6 signs of a great resume

Your resume will catch the eye of employers by including these six highlights.

Whether you’re just starting out in your job search or need a major overhaul to your application process, the key to a strong job search is a strong resume. But creating one is easier said than done, as most job seekers know from experience that it takes a lot more than an impressive career to catch the eye of the hiring manager.

Check out these six signs of a great resume, and learn how to put one together yourself. 

1. Strong descriptors and accomplishments
Employers don’t simply want to know what you think about yourself; they want to see results. If you really are a hard worker, prove it by backing up that claim with some data. A recent CareerBuilder survey found that the words and descriptors that most impress hiring managers include: achieved, improved, trained/mentored, managed, created, resolved, volunteered, influenced, increased/decreased, ideas, negotiated, launched, revenue/profits, under budget and won.

2. Education, certifications and skills
If you hold certifications, degrees or awards that relate to your job, noting them in your resume will communicate to employer just how qualified you are for the job. Be sure to call attention to these accomplishments in a clear, prioritized fashion, like summing up your certifications and years of relevant experience in your professional summary at the top of your resume. You can go more in depth in your education/skills section, or call out awards as they were given by position or organization.

3. Links to even more information
Including links to your personal website, networking page or online portfolio will provide employers with an easy way to learn more about you if they are interested, without cluttering up your resume by trying to pack in too much information in a limited space. Include the essential information and job history in your resume that best relates to the position, and save more secondary information like unrelated volunteer efforts or personal work projects for your online presence, which hints that there’s plenty more to learn about you as a job candidate.

4. Context and accomplishments
If you work for a Fortune500 company, you’ll definitely want to capitalize on that prestige and avoid employers mistaking your work for a smaller organization. Offering context for your experience and accomplishments, like noting company size, market impact or revenue generation, can communicate to employers the range of experience you have, and if your accomplishments will translate well to their company size, culture and goals. It also frames you as a much more accomplished job candidate, which definitely helps.

5. A nice flow of space and information
A resume isn’t given much time to be read, and a solid block of text on the page will likely be scanned instead of read, while bullet points and summaries will receive more attention. Even your bullet points shouldn’t go overboard, and limit each section to two to five specifics. Not only will this cause you to offer a more well-rounded look at your career that offers equal importance to each role, but the nicely formatted flow of your resume will ensure easy readability that can catch the eye of employers.

6. Job description keywords
Since most resumes are submitted online now, and often go through applicant tracking systems that scan resumes before forwarding them on to hiring managers, it’s important to make sure that the ATS will approve your resume. This is a step to save hiring managers time and avoid looking at irrelevant resumes, but can accidentally weed yours out as well if you don’t meet the standards set by the ATS. Your best luck to make it through is to include keywords from the job description in your resume, and sprinkle them throughout to ensure a natural, relevant resume that reads well and aligns you with the company’s goals and needs.

Though it can feel like writing your resume is a job in itself, the extra time and effort needed will be well worth it when you’re tapped as a great potential hire and can start off on the right foot in the hiring process.

 

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