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How To Search Effectively For A Job Using Boolean Basics

How To Search Effectively For A Job Using Boolean Basics

@raniakudsi
 

 

Boolean logic is a system of showing relationships between sets by using the words "AND," "OR," and "NOT." (The term Boolean comes from the name of the man who invented this system, George Boole.) Boolean logic is recognized by many electronic searching tools as a way of defining a search string.

Boolean Operators

  • AND

Results must include all words before and after the AND

Examples:

Java AND HTML

Java AND HTML AND London

  • OR

Results must include either word from each side of the OR

Examples:

Java OR HTML

Bristol OR Bath OR "South Wales"

  • NOT

Results must not include words that follow the NOT

Examples:

Manager NOT Sales

"South East" NOT London

  • NEAR

The "near" operator indicates that the search words you have entered must appear within a certain number of words of each other (usually between one and 20).

For example, a search for "sales near management" would turn up results in which the two words appear close together.

  • Wildcard Symbol: *

The asterisk can replace one or more letters at the end of a word. This might help you search for something that can be phrased differently.

For example, "nurs*" will find documents containing the words nurse, nursing and nurses.

  • Quotation Marks “     ”

Use quotation marks when you want to capture a phrase in the precise word-order it is used.        

For example:

    Java  Developer would give results that contain ‘Java‘ and ‘developer‘, but not necessarily in the same sentence or paragraph;

Java  Developer would give results that only contain the phrase “Java  Developer

  • Parenthesis (   )                                                                  

Use Brackets to group words, which helps you get more results that are still relevant.

*        Information within Brackets is read first, then information outside parentheses is read next.

Example: Using (Human Resources OR Recruitment) AND Training will search for Human Resources or Recruitment as well as Training however Human Resources or Recruitment results will come first

-          Software AND (Engineer OR Architect)

This will find both software engineers and software architects.

-          (Instructional Designer OR Instructional Design) e-learning

This will find instructional designer e-learning or instructional design e-learning

  • A variety of different Boolean terms can be included within the same search string; however you may need to include brackets to change the order of precedence:

Examples:

(Java OR HTML) AND London
(Java AND HTML) AND (London OR Surrey)
Java AND (Developer OR Engineer)

  • SITE

Tells Google to search for keywords within a particular site ex. site:www.linkedin.com java jobs  Toronto

Math Searching

Improve the effectiveness of your searches by using one or more of the following three Math symbols:

  • + The following word is a must-have

Example:

+Java +HTML (must have Java, must have HTML)

  • . The following word is preferred

Example:

+London .Travel (must have London, preferably with Travel)

  • - The following word must be excluded

Example:

+Manager -Sales (must have Manager, without Sales)

 

Difference between No quotation marks, Double quotation marks ("") and Brackets {}

 

No quotation marks

To find documents that contain all of your search terms somewhere in the document, but not necessarily next to each other, enter your terms without quotation marks. AND will be automatically inserted between the terms.

Example  

If you enter Human Resources, your search is for Human AND Resources.

Double quotation marks ("")

To find documents where your search terms appear next to each other, enclose your phrase in double quotes. When you use double quotes:

  • AND is not automatically inserted between terms.

Example

Entering "Human Resources” finds different results than Human Resources because the latter is searched as Human AND resources. Human AND resources finds documents that contain both words, even if they are far apart from each other. " Human Resources " only finds documents where " Human " and " Resources " are next to each other.

  • Punctuation is ignored.

Example

Entering "human resources "or "human-Resources" finds the same results, because the "-" is ignored.

  • Wildcards are searched as wildcards and stopwords are searched as entered.

Example

Searching for "criminal* insan*" finds "criminally insane" and "criminal insanity".

  • Plurals are included.

Example

Searching for "developers" finds "developer” and "developers".

  • Lemmatization, grouping together different forms of a word, is included.

Example

Searching for "color" also finds "colour" and the plurals "colours" and "colors".

Brackets {}

To find documents that contain your exact phrase, including punctuation, enclose your phrase in brackets. When you use brackets:

  • Stop words, punctuation, and special characters are searched exactly as entered.

Example

Searching for {human-Resources} or {human resources} finds different results because the "-" is considered in the search when it's inside brackets.

  • Wildcards are still searched as wildcards.

Example

Searching for {health care?} finds results such as: "health care — ".

  • Lemmatization, grouping together different forms of a word, is still recognized.

Example

Searching for {color} also finds "colour" and the plurals "colours" and "colors".

 

 

3 Steps to finding a job with Boolean logic

Now that you know the basics, follow these 3 steps to use Boolean logic to search for a job.

1) Write down the names of Job Titles and/or Companies that you would like to search for and your preferred locations for the position.

Example: (“Business Analyst” OR “Senior Business Analyst” OR “Business Systems Analyst” OR “Sr. Business Analyst”) AND (IBM OR Microsoft OR CGI OR Deloitte) AND (Toronto OR Markham OR “Richmond Hill” OR Vaughan)

2) Think of some websites that you would like to target, where jobs may be posted.

Example: (site:indeed.com OR site:monster.com OR site:careerbuilder.com OR site:ibm.com OR site:linkedin.com)

3) Open your Google Search Engine and type in the your search string. Hit search and voila results!

Example: (site:indeed.com OR site:monster.com OR site:careerbuilder.com OR site:ibm.com OR site:linkedin.com) (“Business Analyst” OR “Senior Business Analyst” OR “Business Systems Analyst” OR “Sr. Business Analyst”) AND (IBM OR Microsoft OR CGI OR Deloitte) AND (Toronto OR Markham OR “Richmond Hill” OR Vaughan)

 

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